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英语必修五要点

   日期:2021-07-24     来源:www.zhixueshuo.com    作者:智学网    浏览:380    评论:0    
核心提示:  在中国,英语是第二语言;在高考考试中,它是重点科目。下面学习啦我们为你整理了英语必修五要点,一块儿看看吧。  英语必

  在中国,英语是第二语言;在高考考试中,它是重点科目。下面学习啦我们为你整理了英语必修五要点,一块儿看看吧。

  英语必修五要点:句子成分的省略

  为了防止重复,或者为了使某一内容引人注目,可以省略某些句子成分而维持句子原意不变。

  1.省略主语

  Beg your pardon.请你原谅。)

  Serves you right. 你活该

  2.省略谓语

  Anything the matter? 要紧吗?

  The river was deep and the ice thin. 河非常深,冰非常薄。

  

  3.省略表语

  Are you ready? Yes,I am.

  4.省略宾语

  We have to analyze and solve problems.

  Lets do the dishes. Ill wash and youll dry.

  5.省略定语

  He spent part of the money, and the rest he saved.

  6.省略状语

  The wisest man cannot know everything.

  省略在句子中的应用

  在一个句子中,省略可分为依靠上下文省略和不依靠上下文省略两种。前者省略的部分可在句子中找到,但后者可能找不到。

  1.容易句中的省略

  依靠上下文的省略在对话中最为常用。

  Like more beer?

  mdash;World you mind if I used your telephone?

  mdash;Not at all. 一点也不。

  

  mdash;Will he pass this examination?

  Probably. 大概会的。

  不依靠于上下文的省略。

  All aboard! 请上船

  Havent seen you for ages!

  What about having a game of chess?

  Sounds like a good idea.

  2.并列句中的省略

  

  Everybody appears well prepared.

  

  并列句中假如前后分句有相同的部分,常常可以省略掉,以防止重复。一般被省略的可以是主语、谓语、宾语或其他万分,或句子万分的一部分。

  省略出目前后一分句

  John likes collecting stamps but hates listening to music.

  省略出目前前一分句

  We can , and certainly will,win tomorrows match.

  大家可以,而且必然会在明天的比赛中获胜。

  前后两个分句都出现省略

  They can and should pay the full fee.

  复合句中的省略

  在主从复合句中,活力的现象是非常常见的。

  省略主句的句首部分。Sorry I couldnt go.

  省略整个主句或主句的一部分。

  Pity hes failed.

  If he says hell come, he will.

  3.在一些状语从句中,假如谓语动词是 be,主语又和主句的主语一致,或者主语是 it,常常可以把从句中的主语和 be 省略掉。

  以 when, while, once, until 等连词引导的时间状语从句。

  When in Rome do as Rome does.入国问禁,入乡随俗。

  4.在比较从句中一般把和主句重复的部分省掉。

  省略谓语的全部

  James enjoys the theeartre more than Susun.

  Tom has as many books as Jack.

  省略主语和谓语的一部分

  Brown speaks French as fluently as English. 省略表语部分

  Mrs White is not so young as she looks.

  省略主语和谓语的大多数,保留状语

  He is working harder than before.

  省略主语

  He drank a little more than was good for him.省略宾语

  You spent more money than I had expected.

  省略从句的全部

  You are getting slimmer. simmer 后省略了than you were before)

  主句和从句中可同时省略一些成分。

  The sooner , the better.

  英语必修五要点:倒装句

  1、here, there, now, then, thus 等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用 be, come, go, lie, run。

  There goes the bell. 铃声响了。

  Then came the chairman.

  Here is your letter. 你的信。

  2、否定词置于句首,句子应进行倒装。 neither 放句首

  Tod cant swim, neither can I. 托德不会游泳,我也不会。

  用于 never, hardly, seldom, scarcely, barely, little, often, at no time, not only, not once, many a time 等词开头的句子。

  Never shall I go there again. 我再也不去那了。

  Little did he know who the woman was.他基本上不知晓那女性是哪个。

  Seldom was he late for class.他极少上学迟到。

  用于 no sooner ... than ..., hardly... when... 和 not until... 的句型中

  Hardly had I reached the station when the train left. 我刚到车站,火车就离开了。

  No sooner had she gone out than the phone rang. 她刚离开,电话就响了。

  Not until the teacher came did he finish his homework. 直到老师来,他才完成作业。

  3、用于 only 放句首,修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句的句子。

  only in this way can you master English well. 只有这种办法,你才能学好英语。

  only that time did he do his homework. 直到什么时间,他才做作业。

  only when he told me did I realize what trouble I was in.

 
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